May 28, 2024

Understanding the Basics of Colorado Property Tax

When it comes to owning a property in Colorado, it is essential to understand the ins and outs of property taxes. Property tax is a significant expense for homeowners, and it is crucial to have a clear understanding of how it works and what factors influence the amount you need to pay.

Factors That Determine Your Property Tax

Several factors come into play when calculating your property tax in Colorado. The most significant factor is the assessed value of your property. The local assessor’s office determines this value based on various factors, including the size of your property, its location, and the current real estate market conditions.

Mill Levy and Tax Rates

In Colorado, property taxes are calculated using a mill levy system. The mill levy is the amount of tax you owe per $1,000 of assessed property value. Each county in Colorado sets its mill levy, which can vary significantly depending on the location. The higher the mill levy, the more property tax you will have to pay.

Understanding Property Tax Exemptions and Deductions

In Colorado, there are several exemptions and deductions available that can help reduce your property tax burden. It is essential to be aware of these opportunities and take advantage of them if you qualify.

Senior and Disabled Veterans Exemption

If you are a senior citizen or a disabled veteran, you may be eligible for an exemption that can significantly reduce your property tax. The requirements for these exemptions vary, so it is best to check with your local assessor’s office to see if you qualify.

Homeowner’s Exemption

Colorado offers a homeowner’s exemption that provides a reduction in the assessed value of your primary residence. This exemption can help lower your property tax bill, and it is available to homeowners who use their property as their primary residence.

Appealing Your Property Tax Assessment

If you believe that your property has been over-assessed, you have the right to appeal the assessment. It is essential to gather evidence to support your case, such as recent property sales in your area or a professional appraisal. Consulting with a real estate attorney or tax professional can also be beneficial during this process.

Understanding Property Tax Payment Options

When it comes to paying your property taxes in Colorado, you have several options. You can choose to pay in a lump sum, typically due by April 30th of each year. Alternatively, you can opt for a payment plan, allowing you to spread out your property tax payments over the course of the year.

The Impact of Property Tax on Homeownership

Property tax is a significant factor to consider when purchasing a home in Colorado. It affects your overall homeownership costs and should be factored into your budget when determining how much you can afford. Understanding the local property tax rates and exemptions available can help you make an informed decision when buying a property.


Colorado property tax is an essential aspect of homeownership in the state. Understanding how property taxes are calculated, the available exemptions and deductions, and your payment options can help you navigate the system more effectively. By staying informed and taking advantage of any tax-saving opportunities, you can minimize your property tax burden and make the most of your investment in Colorado real estate.